Sunday, 12 April 2009

The Biggest Cities In Turkey

The largest and most crowded city in Turkey is Istanbul.At the same time it is the second largest metropolitan area in Europe. It has 12.5 million population. It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the Europe (Thrace) and on the Asia (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus. Constantinople ("City of Constantine") was the name by which the city became instead more widely known.It remained the principal official name of the city throughout the Byzantine period, and the most common name used for it in the West until the early 20th century.It was the capital city of Ottoman Empire, but when the Republic of Turkey was founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1923, the capital was moved from Istanbul to Ankara which is another big city in Turkey.

Main Sights

The Hagia Sophia ( a church first, a mosque then and a museum last)
The Topkapı Palace
The Dolmabahçe Palace
Rumeli and Anatolian Castles
The Basilica Cistern
Maiden's Tower
The Grand Bazaar

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