Friday, 17 April 2009
The site is also the final resting place of İsmet İnönü, the second President of Turkey, who was interred there after he died in 1973. His tomb faces the Atatürk Mausoleum, on the opposite side of the Ceremonial Ground.
Street of Lions
The approach to the monument is a 262-meter-long pedestrian walkway that is lined on both sides by twelve pairs of lions carved in a style like the Hittite archaeological finds. The lions represent Anatolia and are shown seated to simultaneously represent both power and peace. A five centimeter gap separates the paving stones on the Street of Lions to ensure that visitors take their time and observe respectful behavior on their way to Atatürk's tomb.
The Ceremonial Plaza is situated at the end of the Lions Road. The area is 129 m. long and 84 m. wide and was designed to accommodate 15,000 people. The floor is decorated with 373 rug and kilim (Turkish carpet) patterns, and is made of travertine in various colors.
Hall of Honor
The Hall of Honor is the iconic symbol of Anıtkabir and the location of Atatürk's tomb. The structure is 41.65 x 57.35 m. in plan and rises to a height of 17 m, with the columns themselves measuring 14.4 meters.
Atatürk's tomb is situated right under the symbolic 40-ton sarcophagus in the ground floor of The Hall of Honor, and Atatürk's corpse is buried below this in a special Tomb Room in the basement level. The room has an octagonal plan in Seljuk and Ottoman architectural styles, and its pyramidal ceiling is inlaid with gold mosaics.
The park that surrounds the monument is called a Peace Park in honor of Atatürk's famous expression "Peace at home, peace in the world." It contains around 50,000 decorative trees, flowers and shrubs in 104 varieties, donated from around 25 countries.
Within the Anitkabir site there are ten towers situated in a symmetrical arrangement. These symbolize the ideals that influenced the Turkish nation and the creation of the Republic of Turkey. The towers are similar in terms of planning and structure: they are rectangular, close to a square, with pyramidal roofs. Bronze arrowheads are placed on the top of the roofs, like in traditional Turkish nomad tents. Inside the towers, geometric ornamentation inspired by traditional Turkish carpet (kilim) patterns and motifs, can be found on the towers' ceilings in fresco technique. There are also inscriptions of quotes by Atatürk that correspond to the theme of that tower.
Tuesday, 14 April 2009
Mustafa Kemal ATATURK (19 May 1881–10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, and founder of the Turkish Republic as well as its first president.
Mustafa Kemal established himself as an intelligent and extremely capable military commander while serving as a division commander at the Battle of Gallipoli. He later fought with distinction on the eastern Anatolian and Palestinian fronts, making a name for himself during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire at the hands of the Allies, and the subsequent plans for its partition, Mustafa Kemal led the Turkish national movement in what would become the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies of World War I. His successful military campaigns led to the liberation of the country and to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey.
As the first President of Turkey, Atatürk embarked upon a major program of political, economic, and cultural reforms. An admirer of the Age of Enlightenment, Atatürk sought to transform the ruins of the Ottoman Empire into a modern, democratic, secular, nation-state. The principles of Atatürk's reforms are often referred to as Kemalism and continue to form the political foundation of the modern Turkish state.
Mehmet Okur, Utah Jazz player and 2007 NBA All-Star
|Utah Jazz – No. 13|
|Born: May 26, 1979 (1979-05-26) (age 29) |
|Height||6 ft 11 in (2.11 m)|
|Weight||263 lb (119.3 kg)|
|Draft||2nd round, 38th overall, 2001 |
|Former teams||Oyak Renault (1997–1998) |
Tofaş S.K. (1998–2000)
Efes Pilsen (2000–2002)
Detroit Pistons (2002–2004)
|Awards||2007 NBA All-Star |
1-Time NBA Champion
August 16, 1928, Istanbul, Turkey) is a Turkish photojournalist of descent, nicknamed "the Eye of Istanbul" or "the Photographer of Istanbul"
Fatih Akın- German film Director of Turkish descent Fatih Akın (August 25, 1973 in Hamburg, Germany) is a European Film Award winning German film director of Turkish descent.
Ali Nasuh Mahruki (born May 21, 1968) is a professional mountain climber, writer, photographer and documentary producer. An all-round outdoor sportsman, he climbed to the summit of Mount Everest and was the first ever Turkish person to climb the Seven Summits.
Between 1992 and 1994, Mahruki climbed the five highest former Soviet mountains in Asia (Khan Tengri, Lenin Peak, Peak Korzhenevskaya, Communism Peak and Peak Pobeda), which are all over 7,000 metres high. This achievement gained him the honorific title "Snow Leopard", awarded by the Russian Climbing Federation. This recognition led him to his high altitude mountaineering career.
Sertab Erener (born December 4, 1964 in Istanbul) is a Turkish pop star and also a cross-over soprano with a vocal range that extends to high F. She is one of the most successful female Turkish pop singers in her homeland, and is considered one of the divas of Turkish pop music. In Europe, she is best known for winning the Eurovision Song Contest 2003 with her hit song "Everyway That I Can", although she has had many other achievements outside Turkey.
Tarkan Tevetoğlu (born October 17, 1972), popularly known as Tarkan, is a World Music award winning German-born Turkish pop singer. Tarkan has been known for the use of sexual and romantic themes in his work and has been nicknamed the "Prince Of Pop" by the media.He has also been listed by Rhapsody as a key artist in the history of European pop music, with his signature song "Şımarık" as a keystone track that moved the genre forward.
Hadise Açıkgöz, (born October 22, 1985 in Mol, Belgium), best known as just Hadise, is a TMF award winning Belgian-Turkish R&B singer-songwriter and an occasional presenter.She is currently in the process of making her third studio album and also preparing to represent Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 with the song "Düm Tek Tek". Hadise will be the first singer not born in Turkey to represent the country.
Sunday, 12 April 2009
Izmir is the third largest city of Turkey after Istanbul and Ankara.It's located by the Aegean Sea. The total population is 2,65o,000.İzmir is widely regarded as one of the most progressive Turkish cities in terms of its values, lifestyle, dynamism and gender roles.
3. The Roman Celsus Library
4. Ephesus Ancient Theatre
Ankara is the capital city of Turkey and the second largest city. It has nearly 4 million population.It is in the middle of Turkey.
1.Anıtkabir ''Atatürk's Mausoleum''
2. Çamkoru Scouting And Camping Site
3.Ankara Esztergom Castle
5. Kuğulu Park (a naturel park famous with the swans live there)
The largest and most crowded city in Turkey is Istanbul.At the same time it is the second largest metropolitan area in Europe. It has 12.5 million population. It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the Europe (Thrace) and on the Asia (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus. Constantinople ("City of Constantine") was the name by which the city became instead more widely known.It remained the principal official name of the city throughout the Byzantine period, and the most common name used for it in the West until the early 20th century.It was the capital city of Ottoman Empire, but when the Republic of Turkey was founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1923, the capital was moved from Istanbul to Ankara which is another big city in Turkey.
The Hagia Sophia ( a church first, a mosque then and a museum last)
The Topkapı Palace
The Dolmabahçe Palace
Rumeli and Anatolian Castles
The Basilica Cistern
The Grand Bazaar